Enzyme-Accelerated Acid Hydrolysis of Untanned Proteinaceous Wastes from Tanning Industry

Md. Nur-E-Alam, Nasifa Akter, Kanish Fatema, Md. Abul Kashem Azad, Shimul Chakma , Md. Anwar Arfien Khan

Original scientific article
Received 15 June 2020; Accepted 30 August 2020; Published Online 2 October 2020
https://doi.org/10.31881/TLR.2020.13
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Abstract
Traditionally, tanning industry has been producing considerable amounts of solid wastes, which raises serious concerns on account of their environmental impact. Out of these, untanned raw trimmings account for about 5-7% of the total quantity of raw materials processed. This waste could be a value-added cheap source of collagen, which has numerous industrial applications if properly and scientifically utilized. This research work deals with the utilization of raw trimmings of solid waste from tanneries in the process of enzymatic hydrolysis, performed by using acetic acid and protease, in order to obtain protein hydrolysate. The hydrolysis was carried out with varying acid concentrations, acid solutions, temperatures and times. The maximum obtained protein hydrolysate was about 88% at 1.5 M acid concentration, 4% enzyme ratio, and 60 °C.

Keywords
Raw trimmings, untanned proteinaceous solid wastes, acid hydrolysis

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